100 Years of History

Here, in Mexico, the bicentennial celebration of Independence is taking place in every town, big or small. Unfortunately, there have been difficult times in our country lately and some people are not as excited as one Mexican should be. Nevertheless, this post is to express how excited I am.

The title of the post is not a typo; one hundred and six years ago when Mexico was about to celebrate the first century of Independence the dictator Don Porfirio Díaz gave the order to every governor of every state to build a monument in each capital which would commemorate the first 100 years of liberty.

In Pachuca de Soto, Hidalgo, the city and state I live, the governor recovered a previous project of building a tower in the “Plaza de las Diligencias” or “Diligences’ Square”. It had that name because it was there where stagecoaches used to depart or arrive from or to Mexico City, the trip used to last 12 hours!

The construction cost was 300 000 gold pesos and it was funded with mining companies donations and government money. The tower was built with quarry blocks put on top of each other, they were brought from a nearby town called Tezoantla. Finally, the tower is crowned with a copper dome melted in Fundidora de Fierro y Acero in Monterrey, Mexico.

Below the dome there is the chime for the four clocks; the chime was brought from Austria and was made in the same factory of which The Big Ben’s chime was done, that’s why both machinery is equal. Under each clock there is one feminine statue representing an important event in Mexico’s history until that year: 1810 the Independence, 1857 the Constitution, 1859 the Reform Laws and 1910 the one hundred years of independence. Because of this, each marble statue is different.

The clock tower was inaugurated in September 15th, 1910 at 23:00 the bells rang the national anthem.

Today the tower has become the biggest symbol of the capital and its state and it is called Reloj Momumental or Monumental Clock Tower. The bells ring every 15 minutes and the national anthem can be heard at 6:00 and 18:00 every day. The square has also changed its name and now it is called Plaza Independencia, Independence Square.

I wanted to write a post about the monument because of the great celebration Mexico is doing, and the great birthday party the local municipality is preparing for the city’s symbol; one of which my family is taking part. The party started two years ago with a remodeling and now it continues with a documentary of those families who have lived in the city for more than 100 years and who want to share their history.

In the videos below pictures of the Clock Tower can be seen and the national anthem can be heard. Both videos were made after the remodeling. And the photographs were taken by me during the my mom’s filming part.